Procedure for export and import in India

Posted on: 2017-09-12 00:09:34

As far as overall merchandise exports are concerned India ranks 19th in the world. In terms of overall imports it lies at the 12th spot. The present Indian government is said to be in favour of businesses and as such it is expected to sign a number of deals that would make the trade sector much more liberal than it already is. It is expected that in the days to come these trade liberalization deals would make it easier for more import and export related businesses to start in India. However before you start such a business there are a few things that you need to know really well. Documentation is an important part of this business. As the entrepreneur or business owner it is important that you understand this part really well.

The first step

If you wish to do an import and export business in India you need to get an Import Export Code (also referred to as IE Code). This particular code will be provided by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade. You can get this code by providing your PAN and opening a business bank account. There are plenty of websites in India that can help you get the IE Code. If you need a import export code (IEC) license for your business, we can assist you to obtain the IE Code in Bangalore Karnataka or anywhere in India through online.

Commercial invoice

Commercial invoices are issued by sellers to the buyers. They have the terms of transaction such as the date when the transaction happened, details pertaining to sellers, details of buyers, value of the transaction, and terms of shipping to name a few. It is on the basis of the commercial invoice raised by the seller that customs duty is imposed on a shipment.

Airway bills

An airway bill can be regarded as the proof that goods and shipment are being sent by the air. These bills also act as proofs of the fact that the air cargo agent has received the goods that are to be shipped. Such a bill acts as an invoice for the air shipment as well as being a certificate of insurance. It also provides guidance to the air cargo agent regarding how it is going to handle, dispatch, and deliver the shipment in question. Typically, an airway bill would contain details such as information on the consignee and the shipper. It will mention the destination airport as well as the departure airport and describe the goods that are being shipped. It would bear the carrier’s sign and seal as well.

Bill of lading

A shipping agency provides bill of lading for the goods that it has shipped. Such a bill normally has information regarding the shipper, the consignee, the vessel that is carrying the goods, the port where the goods are loaded and one where they are discharged, the place of delivery and receipt, the mode of payment, and the carrier’s name.

Some more important documents in this regard are bill of exchange, certificate of origin, packing list, and letter of credit. A bill of exchange is used when an importer decides that it would pay the exporter at a future date or before it. This date is normally arrived upon by mutual agreement.


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